Bladder is the muscular bag that is present just above the groin. It is responsible for storing urine. Cancerous cells can develop in the lining of bladder and can afflict the organ with tumor.
Even though the chances of early detection run high for bladder cancer, however, it still is notorious for making a comeback. Therefore, patients, despite getting rid of it, need to stay in contact with doctor to timely catch a case of relapse.
Symptoms Of Bladder Cancer:
Symptoms of bladder cancer generally include conditions pertaining to urination troubles. However, some people experience different combinations of these symptoms, whereas others do not have any.
Moreover, due to a non-specific nature of the symptoms, it can be that the symptoms being experienced are not of bladder cancer. However, it is always better to visit the urologist in Lahore, and let the expert ascertain and diagnose the condition.
The Symptoms That Merit A Visit To The Doctor Include:
Blood in the urine: Known as hematuria, blood in the urine may be visible to the naked eye or not. However, naturally, people report it only when they see visible amount pooling in their blood.
Urination issues: One of the signs of bladder cancer is that it makes urination painful. Or, in certain cases, it causes discomfort alongside due to the burning sensation that accompanies the act. The frequency of peeing also increases.
It also causes people to not completely pass urine, despite the urge to do so. Moreover, people also experience the urge to urinate, all through the night, which disturbs their sleep.
Urinary Incontinence: In this condition, patient loses bladder control. It also has stages, whereby either its only little leakage, or in other instances, the person completely empties the bladder.
Pain: Other than pain during urination, bladder cancer also leads to pain in the lower back, generally, at one side only.
In the advanced stage, where the cancer also metastasizes, the symptoms experienced include pain in the pelvic region. Cancer also causes weight loss along with aching bones. Swelling is also observed in the legs.
Since the symptoms are not very specific, doctors need to run extra tests to ascertain the presence of cancer in the bladder. One test is urine cytology, in which urine is examine under microscope to look for the presence of cancerous cells.
Cystoscopy is also done, which involves inserting a cystoscope –a long narrow tube with lens at the end –inside of the bladder via urethra. It gives the doctor visual of the inside of the bladder and look for presence of cancerous mass.
TURBT or transurethral resection of bladder cancer tumor may also be used to collect sample for biopsy. It also involves inserting a tool inside of the urethra, to the bladder, to collect cell sample.
CT scan or X-rays are also utilized by doctors to get images of the renal system to look for cancer, and its spread.
Treatment of the cancer is contingent on the stage of cancer.
For in cases where cancer is in its initial stage, the tumor is generally removed via surgery. But chemotherapy and immunotherapy are also performed alongside.
If the cancer is stage 2 or 3, treatment includes either partially removing the bladder alongside chemotherapy, or complete removal of the bladder. In latter case, surgery also needs to be done to make a room for the urine to pass through the body, via new pathway.
In case surgery cannot be performed, patients are either prescribed radiation, chemo or immunotherapy to shrink the tumor.
For stage 4, the treatment maybe aimed at extending life, as some cancers become terminal at this point. Certain patients may have to undergo extensive surgeries aimed at removing bladder, lymph nodes etc. for longevity. Patients may also be referred to trial drugs and treatment.
The precise causes of bladder cancer are not yet known. However, one should still exercise practices that decrease overall chances of cancer.
In this endeavor, it is important to eat healthy. Fresh fruits and vegetables are full of antioxidants, which are important in lowering chances of cancer in the body.
Likewise, do not smoke, or be around the environment where you inhale second-hand smoke. Exposure to certain chemical can also increase the chances of cancer, therefore, make sure to put masks and other paraphernalia to lower your exposure levels and hence chances of cancer.
If you experience any symptoms, do not write them off without visiting the Best urologist in Karachi.